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Some studies done in 2001 estimated that the income from cultivating khat was about 2.5 million Yemeni rials per hectare, while fruits brought only 0.57 million rials per hectare.
Between 19, the area on which khat was cultivated was estimated to have grown from 8,000 to 103,000 hectares.
It takes seven to eight years for the khat plant to reach its full height.
Other than access to sun and water, khat requires little maintenance.
) is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
Khat contains the alkaloid cathinone, an amphetamine-like stimulant, which is said to cause excitement, loss of appetite, and euphoria.
the khat plant has over the years found its way to Southern Africa as well as tropical areas, where it grows on rocky outcrops and in woodlands.
The shrub is today scattered in the Kwa Zulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape and Mpumalanga provinces of South Africa, in addition to Swaziland and Mozambique.
The plants are watered heavily starting around a month before they are harvested to make the leaves and stems soft and moist.
It has evergreen leaves, which are 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and 1–4 cm (0.39–1.6 in) broad.
The shrub's flowers are produced on short axillary cymes that are 4–8 cm (1.6–3.1 in) in length. The samara fruit is an oblong, three-valved capsule, which contains one to three seeds.
It is unclear if the consumption of khat directly affects the mental health of the user or not.
The stimulant effect of the plant was originally attributed to "katin", cathine, a phenethylamine-type substance isolated from the plant.
Khat goes by various traditional names, such as kat, qat, qaad, ghat, chat, Abyssinian Tea, Somali Tea, Miraa, Arabian Tea, and Kafta in its endemic regions of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.